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The term Creole and its cognates in other languages — such as crioulo, criollo, créole, kriolu, criol, kreyol, kriulo, kriol, krio, kreol, etc. — have been applied to people in different countries and epochs, with different meanings. Those terms are always used in the general area of present or former colonies in other continents, and originally referred to locally-born people with foreign ancestry. Creoles are known as a people mixed French, African, Spanish, Caribbean, Acadians (Nova Scotia, Cajuns), South American, Native American ancestry and on a smaller degree to include Chinese, Russian, German, Italian, Asian Islands, Asian Indian and Australian.

Historian Lyle Saxon writes that many German families changed their names to become Creoles. For an example he says the Zweig (which is German for twig) family became the LaBranche family. Florida ranks number one in the US with people speaking Creole language. Florida Creoles are mostly immigrants from the Caribbean including Haiti, Martinique and Guadaloupe, who were at one time under French rule. In Alaska, until the late 1960s, creole meant a native of Russian and Indian blood.

Creoles and the United States

Creoles Portuguese & Africa


Ethnic groups in Africa of African American descent

Other African Creoles


Latin America




Indian Ocean